Criminal Investigation has always been a very difficult and complicated task. After independence, attention was focussed on this aspect of criminal investigation. Late Shri GovindBallabh Pant, the then Home Minister was the first to realize this shortcoming and proposed a course of advanced training for investigation police officers to remedy this defect. Accordingly, Shri B.N. Mullick, the then Director, Intelligence Bureau, formulated the scheme in 1956 for setting up the Central Forensic Institutes. The first Central Detective Training School in the country came into existence in Calcutta in November, 1958. The Central Detective Training School, Hyderabad was started on 28th September, 1964. After staying in Intelligence Bureau till 1973, the Central Detective Training Schools were transferred to Bureau of Police Research & Development, New Delhi.
Initially, the Central Detective Training School, Hyderabad School Building was located in a rented building at Chirag Ali Lane, in the heart of Hyderabad and the School Hostel was located in Banjara Hills at a distance of 8 kms from the School. The School's own building was constructed at Ramanthapur and CDTI, Hyderabad shifted to its own building in January, 1980.
The main object of this in-service training is to improve the standard of crime investigation in this country by familiarizing Police Investigation Officers with the various developments in Forensic Science. They are trained to match the skill and resources of the modern criminal with the aids that the progress of science has placed at their disposal. They are taught to adopt scientific methods and new techniques and processes and enlist the aid of various branches of science. To impress upon them the imperative necessity of eschewing the outdated methods of investigation and in particular, the use of third-degree methods and fabrication of evidence is a vital aspect of this training.
CDTI, Hyderabad has conducted mainly two courses till 1992 viz. "Course in Advanced Scientific Methods of Crime Investigation (12-week duration)" and "Course on Orientation to Scientific Investigation (20-days)", but expanded its repertoire to include a number of short duration courses relating to application of scientific techniques to investigation. On 19th September, 2017 the CDTI, Hyderabad has been declared as "Centre for Excellence on Police Technology, IT & Cyber Crime"
In the year 2009, the Govt. of India approved establishing a Central Academy for Police Training(CAPT) at Bhopal to impart basic and in-service training to the directly recruited Dy.SPs of all states/UTs across the country. The project was to come up under the aegis of Bureau of Police Research and Development, Ministry of Home Affairs. A total outlay of Rs.281.00 crores was subsequently sanctioned for the academy on Oct.11, 2012. The MP Govt. allocated 401 acres of land for it at village Kanhasaiya, Tehsil-Huzur, Bhopal. The total area of 401 acres is divided into 3 parts viz Part "A"(118 acres), Part "B" (267 acres), Part "C" (16 acres).
The idea of setting up CDTS was initially conceived by the late illustrious police officer, Shri B.N. Mallick, the then Director, Intelligence Bureau. The late Home Minister Pt. Govind Ballav Pant encouraged the idea and the School was first incepted in 1956. The Institute was later brought under the aegis of BPR&D.
The CDTS, Kolkata is located in the CFIs building at 30, Gorachand Road, Kolkata 700 014, along with two other Units, viz. the Central Forensic Science Laboratory, and the Central Finger Print Bureau. It is a premier detective training school in India, which imparts training mainly on the scientific aspects of crime case investigation and other police related subjects. This Institute is the oldest of the 5 (five) Central Detective Training Schools, located at Kolkata, Chandigarh, Hyderabad, Ghaziabad & Jaipur.
Central Detective Training Institute, Ghaziabad was setup on the recommendations of Gore committee on Police Training (1970) after 03 other similar training institutes viz. Kolkata, Hyderabad and Chandigarh started functioning on 16th January, 2012 under the aegis of Bureau of Police Research and Development, with an objective to provide in-service training to Police Officers to improve the standards of crime investigation in India.
The Central Detective Training School, Chandigarh was set up in 1973 on the lines of two similar institutions at calcutta and Hydrabad, This Functions under the Bureau of Police Research & Development, Ministry of Home Affairs, Govt. of India. The object of the CDTS is to provide training to inservice police personal upto the rank of Dy. Ss.P.
Among the several courses run by the institution, the course of the longest duration is Advanced Cource on Investigation & Detection of Crimes for the police personal of the ranks of Sub Inspectors and Inspectors having minimum 5 years experience in their respective fields. In this course the police personnel are trained on varioys asoects of Scientific Aids to Investigation as well as Law & Procedure and professional knowledge. The syllabus of the course is chalked out by BRP&D and is revices from time to time to make it more relevant and topical.
The purpose of imparting the aforesaid training is to prepare investigators for acquiring latest knowledge and awareness of scientific techniques of investigation and latest developments in the Forensic fields. It us the constant endavour of CDTS and its parent department, i.e., BRP&D is continuously improve upon the course contents and make the training course interesting and trainee friendly.
The Officers drawn from Nothern Parts of the country and abroad (SAARC) countries attend various courses at CDTS, Chandigarh.
CDTI Jaipur is functioning since 16th Jan 2012 under the Bureau of Police Research and Development, Ministry of Home Affairs,New Delhi. Apart from the four other CDTIs at Kolkata, Hyderabad, Chandigarh and Ghaziabad. Central Detective Training Institute, Jaipur was set up with a mandate to provide training to police officers to improve the standards of crime investigation by familiarising with various developments in forensic science. Keeping in view the changing crime scenario of the society due to rapid growth of cyber crimes, we endeavour to contribute our best to update the trainees with latest technical aspects of investigation to face the new challenges.
The institute is headed by Director who is a senior IPS officer and assisted by one Vice-Principal and other faculty members of the rank of Dy. SP & Inspectors to impart training to the participants. Presently Shri Pramod Verma, IPS, DIG(Trg.) BPR&D Hqrs is holding the charge of Director, CDTI Jaipur.